Women of Midnapore in Indian Freedom Struggle
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Women of Midnapore in Indian Freedom Struggle

» Women of Midnapore
in Indian Freedom
Struggle
(Main Page)
................................................
» List of Imprisoned Women who suffered imprisonment for the
cause of our country in
the various subdivisions
of Midnapore.

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» List of Women who worked hard for the
nation but did not face imprisonment.

................................................
» List of Women, who's names appeared in the contemporary news
papers and bulletins for taking part in the
freedom movement, but details about them as
well as their activities could not be ascertained.

................................................
» Ladies had taken part in flag hoisting, attacks and occupation of government offices and police stations.
................................................
»
Giving food and shelter
to the freedom fighters of the movement

................................................
» Taking part in the organizational activities
to strengthen the movement.

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» A list of raped women (Due to their support for Indian Freedom Struggle)
................................................
» Photographs

Brief Description of few Women Freedom Fighters......
...........................................

Contai Subdivision

» Sindhubala Maity

» Sukhadamoyee Roychowdhury

» Kusum Kumari Mondal

» Gita Bhaumik

» Bhagabati Sasmal

» Rajbala Syamal

» Bindubala Das

» Matangini Pal

» Narmada Pal

» Kokil Kumari Das

» Satyabhama Jana

» Provabati Banerjee

» Soudamini Pahari

» Putibala Dasi

» Bijanbala Giri

» Dhira Das

» Sailabala Das

» Sabitri Manna

» Sukhadamoni Das

» Annadamoni Das

» Rasabala Maity

» Basanti Bera

» Muktokesi Tamli

» Suniti Giri

» Damayanti Giri

» Sarojini Giri

» Santilata Giri

» Janhabi Das

» Manibala Manna

» Harpriya Devi

» Sailabala Maity

Midnapore Sadar Subdivision

» Charusila Goswami

» Bindubala Sasmal

» Nanibala Maity

» Nibarani Das

» Birajmohini Maity

» Saraju Shovana Basu

» Monorama Das

» Kananbala Pattanayak

Tamluk Subdivision

» Matangini Hazra

» Pravabati Singha

» Pravabati Maity

» Kumudini Dakua

» Lakshmimani Hazra

» Giribala Dey

» Charusila Jana

» Sushila Bera

» Makhanbala Das

» Surama Hota

» Bivarani Chakraborty

» Menaka Bhowmik

» Renuka Pati

» Kiranbala Maity

» Mayalata Das

» Jamunabala Devi

» Nanibala Das

» Subodhbala Kuity

» Indumati Bhattacharya

» Suhasini Banerjee

» Chikanbala Jana

» Sailabala Shee

» Satyabati Devi

» Jyotsna Das

» Chinmoyee Das

» Nityabala Jana

» Soudamini Das (Bhunia)

» Rohini Das

» Kailashi Mishra

» Shovamoyee Das

» Chikanbala Bharati

» Giribala Pradhan

» Kadambini Pradhan

» Khullana Pradhan

» Hiranmoyee Das

» Nemaibala Das

» Nemaibala Maity

» Prasanna Kumari Maity

» Durgamoyee Bera

» Nistarini Das

» Jaminibala Maity

» Bejoya Das

» Lakshmi Rani
Chatterjee

List of Women who worked hard for the nation but did not face imprisonment.
...........................................

Sailaja Sundari Dinda Karunamoyee Dinda Sarajubala Paria
Snehalata Das
Nirmala Maity
Tarubala Giri
Saraswati Mishra
Snehalata Maity Brajeswari Maity
Susama Das
Satyachama Das Kadambini Sahu
Mokshada Kumari Maity
Ahalya Maity
Padma Pal
Sabitri Dey
Narayani Pal
Tarangini Das
Bijonbala Roy
Tilottama Dhara
Joymani Hota
Parulbala Kayal
Hiranbala Bag
Apurbabala Karan
Narmada Pal
Bhagabati Ghosh Basantabala Maity

List of Women, who's
names appeared in the contemporary newspapers and bulletins for taking part in the freedom movement, but details about them as well as
their activities could not
be ascertained.
...........................................

Tamluk Subdivision

Punti Bhowmik
Gunamoni Hutait
Rasmani Maity
Kadambini Maity
Kshudibala Shee
Saraswati Pradhan
Giribala Hazra
Gangamoni laha
Ramanimoyee Barma
Jnanandamoyee Barma
Swayambara Dasi
Kshudamoni
Niharbala Jana
Jamunabala Roy
Mayarani Das
Giribala Giri
Jabakusum Bhaktadas
Kshrirodamoyee Bhunia
Kuntirani Saincinta
Baradasundurj Bhunia
Kaminibala Devi
Rajabala Manna
Susamabala Devi
Swayambara Davi
Sumitra Das
Sita Samanta
Satyabhama Maity
Kuntibala Maity
Maynamati Pal
Jamuna Pal
Pusparani Banerjee Durgarani Mukherjee
Nandarani
Sobha Rani
Radharani
Ramalika
Umasundari Poriya
Maynamati Pal
Jamuna Pal
Giribala Maity
Nishibala Maity
Kundabala Maily
Kiranbula Das
Soudamini Jana
Sailabala Roy
Usharani Taladhi
Punchuini Dandapat
Giribala Maity
Kuntabala Sarnantu
Swayambari Bera
Satyabhama Devi
Mokshada Bera
Mohinibala Khatua
Nityabala Jana
Pratimabala Panja
Usha Roy
Sailabala Roy
Dhirenbala Santra
Satyabhama Devi
Sishubala Khutira Mokshadamoyee Bhunia
Binalabala Das
Saudamini Maity Narmadabala Khatua
Sarujubala Khatua
Tilottama Maity
Tilottoma Mishra Narmadabala Khatua
Swayambari Bera
Pramila Jana
Debaki Das (Daibaki Das)
Radhika Khatua
Kuntibala Das
Suradamoyee Maity
Haimabati Pramanik
Jamunabala Roy
Kiranbala Bharati
Saradamoyee Bhunia
Narmadabala Khatua
Swayambara Bera
Bhakta das
Susilabala Jana
Parameswari Das
Lakshmirani Devi
Kadambini Das
Binodini Das
Rajabala Manna
Rukmini
Basanta Bala Das
Kumari Pattanayak

Contai Subdivision

Padmabati Maji
Nirodebala Kayal
Bilasini Giri
Nanibala Pal
Jogmaya Tamli
Brahmamoyee Das
Hemangini Das
Bani Manna
Jogeswari Mondal
Peari Das
Rukmini Pradhan
Dakshaan Jana
Parameswari Bera
Rambhamani Das
Sashi Kumari Das
Droupadi Giri
Durga Giri
Gangamani Jana
Kumari Pramila Das
Subodhbala Maity
Mrinalini Pramanik
Bimalananda Sasmal
Pramilabala Jana
Kumari Jaladbarani Ghosh
Lakshmipriya Maity
Nani Bala Pal
Jogomaya Devi
Sumati Das
Pramila Das
Nilima Das
Sunity Bera
Manimala Tamli
Sarda Das
Droupadi Das
Surama Paria
Basantamoni Das
Swarnamoyee Das
Sukhadamoni Maity
Rohinibala Maity
Birajabala Girl
Ushangini Maity
Nistarini Jana
Brajabala Santra
Sailabala Maity
Kshemadamoni Giri
Basantilata Devi
Siddheswari Dhara
Nandarani Shit
Promodamoni Garu
Hemanta Kumari Devi
charubala Devi
Jamunabala Pradhan
Matangini Maity
Mokshada
Bidyutlata Das
Ananda Devi
Subodhrani Maity
Rajbala Pahari
Sarat Kumri Pattanayak
Baradasundari Pahari
Satyabhama Mishra
Sulochana Bhowmik
Sitasundari Jana
Charubala Devi
Golapi Das
Satyabhama Das
Indumati Giri
Annapurna Das
Ratnamoyee Das
Kumari Kananbala
Basanti Giri
Nirmala Samanta
Kumari Jamini
Ambika Devi
Subodhrani Maity
Rashmoni Rath
Sukhadamoni Pahari
Satyabhama Mishra
Prasanna Kumari chakraborty
Kiranbala Paria
Baradasundari Pahari
Kshemankari Manna
Kadambini Mondal
Bishnupriya Gurea
Golapi Mondal
Bhagabati Das
Nilima Kayal
Kulabala Das
Satyabhama Das
Bhagabati Adhikari
Golapi Das
Jamunamoyee Pradhan
Rajbala Devi
Tilottama Devi
Kali Devi
Kumari Priyabala Maji
Tarulata Sengupta
Giribala Maity
Giribala Pramanik
Suramoni Mondal
Hemangini Pramanik
Jnanada Kumari Mondal
Subodh Rani Maity
Rajbala Kandar
Kamini Devi
Chandan Kurnari
Bimal Kurnari
Barada Kumari
Surabala Manna
Binodini Mondal
Ratnamoni Mahapatra
Giribala Chakraborty
Binodini Mondal
Bishnupriya Maity
Bisnupriya Das
Tarangini Maity
Sita Sundari Das
Niharbala Mishra
Mokshad Bera
Chanchala Devi
Kalyani Devi
Rajanibala Bera
Tilottama Paria
Lakshmi Devi
Latika Devi
Mokshada Devi
Rajanibala Bera
Kulabala Mondal
Ratnamoyee Das
Ahalya Parriya
Katyani Devi
Janhabi Das
Bilasini Mal
Giribala Pal
Prayabati Maity
Baradasundari Pahari
Nanibala Paria
Snehalata Jana
Bhabani Devi
Sishubala Dutta
Mrinalini Devi
Prativa Santra
Brajabala Santra
Bhanumati Pattanayek
Tarangini Das
Bhanumati Pattanayek
Kusum Kumari Maity
Kousalyamoyee Das
Rajanibala Bhunia
Kiranbala Das
Mokshada Khara
Ratnamoni Das Mahapatra
Hemangini Pal
Baradamoni Das
Kadambini Adak
Haripriya Paria
Giribala Chakrabortv
Sukhadamani Parrya

Midnapore Sadar Subdivision

Urmilabala Paria
Nirmal Kumari Devi
Nanibala Devi
Basanabala Devi
Bindubala Devi
Sailabala Devi
Fulkumari Davi
Nanibala Das
Adharbala Dasi
Mirabala Dasi
Nanibala Das
Tarubala Roy
Nirmal Kumari Devi
Sushila Bala Devi
Nanibala Devi
Radharani Devi
Makhanbala Devi
Kiransashi Dutta
Nanibala Dasi
Basana Dasi
Nanibala Dey
Indumati Manna
Adarmoni Devi
Sadhanabala Devi
Kamal Kumari Devi Charushila Devi
Bindubasini Devi
Kokila Dutta
Sashibala Dasi
Bindubasini Devi Kironmoyee Bhakta Indumati Manna

Women's who had taken part in flag hoisting, attacks and occupation of government offices and police stations.
...........................................

Tamluk Thana

Chanchal Bala Ghosh
Jayanti Maity
Satyabala Mondal
Sindhubala Khara

Sutahata Thana

Iswaribala Patra
Khukibala Pramanik
Gangamani Sauta
Gayatrirani Dhara
Chintamoni Maity
Tukurani Bolida
Tilottama Maity
Nirodamoyee Das
Pakhibala Maity
Paribala Maity
Prativa Samanta
Bhagabati Mahapatra
Makhanbala Singha
Radharani Dinda
Sailabala Das
Surjyamukhi Bisoi
Sadhanbala Pradhan
Sushilabala Samanta
Subasini Adak
Sulochana Mondal
Bidhumukhi Bera
Basanti Kar

Mahishadal Thana

Indumati Dhara
Girishbala Ghoroi
Gnanadamoyee Das
Puntibaia Das
Hemantabaia Das
Charubala Sanki
Charubaia Pranianik
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Women of Midnapore
in Indian Freedom Struggle

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ROLE OF THE WOMEN FREEDOM FIGHTERS

The incitation, enthusiasm, self-sacrifice and the mental set up of the Indian women for acceptance of danger have a glorious chapter in the history of Indian freedom-movement. The promptness, with which the Indian women had stepped forward from the safe and secluded life behind the ‘pardah' to the turmoil of the noisy world outside, is a most remarkable phenomenon in India . The Indian women, who were well-known for their inborn timidity and shyness, cast off their long-cherished conceptions and came forward at the call of the nation, to embrace the hard and pitiless lives of prison. Even the Home Secretary of the British Government had to confess that nothing had disturbed him, more than the great awakening among the Indian women and the part played by them in Indian politics. The enthusiasm of the women made the British Officials also afraid; and this is proved from the secret report of Mr. Clarke, the Commissioner of Calcutta Police. A portion of the report is reproduced below.

‘Bhagini Sena’ - 1940
‘Bhagini Sena’ - 1940

“The lady volunteers use to set out in public road everyday and they pick up male volunteers and other enthusiastic on the way ... The procession as it moves slowly along, augments in size until about three or four hundred persons are moving in a body. Traffic being hindered and often entirely blocked... If no steps are taken now it is inevitable that the movement will be encouraged and grow and the inevitable will happen, that is there is bound, sooner or later to be a collision between these parties of feminine agitators and the subordinate police”.

Police trying to through Susila Samanta’s only son into fire – But she didn’t reveal the hideout of the freedom fighters.
Police trying to through Susila Samanta’s only son into fire – But she didn’t reveal the hideout of the freedom fighters.

In the circumstances the Chief Secretary to the Government of Bengal wrote a letter to the commissioners of all divisions. A portion of the letter:

“One particular problem has arisen recently which is difficult of solution and about which Government would desire to have the advice of commissioners, viz. and the problem of how to deal with women who are taking an increasing part in public demonstrations on behalf of Civil Disobedience. The problem is how to maintain law and order and freedom of movement in public places... It is obvious that Government cannot allow Government business to be brought to a standstill and Courts and Treasuries to be closed merely because the force used for obstruction consists of women instead of men. I shall be glad if you will consult Indian Officers and non-officials and suggest any measures for general use in dealing with this problem”

Patriotic show of Mukunda Das – Women’s are breaking their bangles and throwing. – “rejection of ‘reshmi churi’ (bangles)”
Patriotic show of Mukunda Das – Women’s are breaking their bangles and throwing. – “rejection of ‘reshmi churi’ (bangles)”


The Karachi Congress in March, 1931 specially congratulated the women of India “That rose in their thousands and assisted the nation in the struggle for freedom”.

The consciousness of the women in the whole of India took a unique shape and the women of Midnapore did not lag behind. Rani Siromani of Karnagar of Midnapore Police Station area had already earned the glory of being the first lady prisoner for lading the Chuar Rebellion in 1794. Again in 1781 Rani Krishnapriya of Tamluk had shown the courage to contest the English East India Company in order to protect her rights. So no wonder that women in general of Midnapore would come forward during the freedom- movement, when their services were considered to be essential. Imperfectly educated women of Midnapore, even women not related to letters plunged into the movement, and soul. They became the source of unyielding power and constant source of energy and inspiration behind the resistance movement. Though engaged deeply in household works, the women of Midnapore furthered the great national work in various ways. They were the primary source of energy and they put manliness in the men and nerved them with strength and energy. Mothers and sisters encouraged their sons and brothers to serve the country; the wives, as the real partners of life, followed their husbands to the four walls of prisons.

1930 – Narghat, Salt-Satyagrah – Police torturing.
1930 – Narghat, Salt-Satyagrah – Police torturing.

In the battle for freedom the contribution of the Midnapore women, starting from well-to-do to beggars was wonderful and praiseworthy. Even ladies belonging to socially outcaste community, like the professional prostitutes also helped the movement in many ways. They used to give shelters to the Congress volunteers in their bedrooms, feed them and nurse the injured workers. The distinguished Congress leaders of Midnapore had to confess that the hospitality of this class of women, their cordial behavior and their arrangements for food and lodging for the workers, irrespective of caste and creed, also helped indirectly in rooting out the curse of untouchability, At least partially. It also became possible for the villagers, during the Union Board Barjan Movement, to allow their metal vessels and other belongings to be seized or distrained solely due to the active support of the ladies. Again, during the No-Chowkidari-Tax Movement it would have been impossible for the male members of participant family to take the risk of their crops and granaries to be burnt, their houses plundered and their moveable properties to he seized, without the consent of the women. The role of traditionally home-centered village-ladies and girls in this resistance movement was actually incomparable. The housewives, daughters, mothers and sisters of even peasant householders became the partners of the male members in this movement. They even used to distribute Congress bulletins secretly and communicate secret news to the workers. They also helped the Congress organization even by collecting alms from door to door.

1945 - Mahisadal
1945 - Mahisadal

These types of activities or any act of anybody that might be helpful to the freedom-fighters in any way, directly or indirectly, were considered to be unlawful and naturally they fell in the category of punishable offence. But the women did not hesitate to accept punishment including imprisonment. As a result, the number of women prisoners went on increasing rapidly. In Midapore district the rate of increase was so high that the prison authorities had to face the problem of space for accommodating the female prisoners.

1945, 27th December – Dr. Susila Nayar and Abha Ghandhi making report from 49 raped women (That barbaric incident took place on 9th January 1983.)
1945, 27th December – Dr. Susila Nayar and Abha Ghandhi making report from 49 raped women (That barbaric incident took place on 9th January 1983.)

From the “Nihar” Patrika we come to know that— Due to increase in the number of female prisoners, the sub-jail attached to the Hijli Prison had to be converted to a female Prison.

But the way leading to the jail as well as the prison life itself was not at all smooth; it was invariably preceded by and followed by oppression of inhuman nature. But oppressions by the police and the jail-guards, sentences of imprisonment by the trying Magistrates and the hardships of prison life failed to dishearten them. On the contrary, their enthusiasm often surpassed that of men. They went on taking active part in picketings before shops, dealing in foreign goods and in this way preventing the shopkeepers from selling foreign clothes, liquors and other foreign goods. They marched shoulder to shoulder, with men in procession. They also conveyed prior information to the workers and volunteers of the surrounding areas by means of conch-shell signals, about the arrival of government forces.

1940 – Satyagrah by Lakshmimani Hazra (Kakima)
1940 – Satyagrah by Lakshmimani Hazra (Kakima)

The deep feeling of love, affection, self-sacrifice and toleration of the women of Midnapore were the source of inspiration to the Congress volunteers. Their patience and efficiency of work, their power endurance and nursing capacity would remain ever bright in the memories of our countrymen who possess the least quantity of love for the freedom-fighters and who feel themselves indebted to those freedom-fighters for the fruits of their toil and sufferings.

1942, 29th September – 72 years old, Matangini Hazra marching towards Tamluk Court.
1942, 29th September – 72 years old, Matangini Hazra marching towards Tamluk Court.

But this participation of the women of Midnapore in the political upheavel did not take place within a day or two. In the beginning the women could not make their public appearance neglecting the red-eyes of our male-dominated society. But the Congress leaders were careful and laborious about rousing the consciousness of the women. During the Non-cooperation Movement of 1920 to 1922, the male volunteers used to go personally to the ladies in their houses and keep them informed about the latest news on the progress of the movement. Subsequently most of the distinguished Congress leaders set an important precedence by bringing out the female members of their own families and engaging them in resistance movement. This had a stimulative effect on others, both male and female, and it paved the way for mass participation of women in the future years. Side by side processions and meetings were held everywhere to make the women conscious of the tense national situation and about their duties in such a situation. Importance was also given on introducing ‘Charka' (spinning wheel) and in order to make it attractive to the women, ‘Katuni Sanghas' were established in different places. Competitions were also used to be held among the women spinners and at the end of the competition prizes were awarded to the winners.

1942 – Prabhabati Maity leading a huge numbers of volunteers and hosting flag in front of Moyna Police Station (She was arrested after this incident)
1942 – Prabhabati Maity leading a huge numbers of volunteers and hosting flag in front of Moyna Police Station (She was arrested after this incident)

In addition to these, distinguished ladies like Jyotirmoyee Ganguli, the Dictator of the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee; Shantilata Das, wife of Humayun Kabir; Basanti Das, wife of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das; Ashalata Das. Vice-President of Nari Satyagraha Samity of Calcutta and Sarala Devi Chowdhury, the founder of the Bharat Shree Mahamondal, the President of the Nikhil Bharat Samajik Mahasamity and the editor of the Bharati Patrika were invited to Midnapore for delivering speeches in different meetings in order to inspire the women. Other eloquent speakers like Dr. Pratap Chandra Guha Roy of Calcutta and Purushottam Nanda of Barisal enlightened the women of Midnapore in the principle of self-denial for the cause of the nation. Side by side, the famous, minstrel Mukunda Das travelled from village to village of Bengal singing his self-composed nationalistic and patriotic songs, which inspired the people, both men and women, to boycott everything foreign.

1942 – Midnight – Usha (Giribala) and Kumudini Dakua chasing police with daggers.
1942 – Midnight – Usha (Giribala) and Kumudini Dakua chasing police with daggers.

The demonstration of Magic Lanterns also played an important role in generating patriotic feelings in the minds of our people. This was first planned by Acharya Prufulla Chandra Roy and was subsequently implemented by Jnananjan Neogi. Various slides projecting the scenes of ships sailing from England to India loaded with refined salt, sugar, cloth, knives, scissors and other finished products and in their return journey carrying away materials like cotton and other ingredients from India with a view to greater production in their industries, were shown in order to apprise the people as to how the foreigners were enriching themselves at the cost of our countrymen. Slides showing savage repression, especially on village women, for their fault of preparing salt in their own soil were also shown. The sight of separation of right-hand thumbs of the world-famous Indian weavers, with a view to crush the handloom industry of our country and at the same time to open the Indian markets for foreign cloths horrified the viewers and filled their hearts with hatred and rage.

Village women’s attacking police
Village women’s attacking police

But side by side attempts were made to make the people self- reliant and self-supporting by projecting before them various remedial measures such as, use of handloom cloths made out of hand-spun threads, rejection of ‘reshmi churi' (bangles), sugar, liquor and other foreign goods. Stress was also laid on the preparation of molases and processing of red sugar at home and on the use of indigenous goods only.

The programme also included taking out of processions consisting of both men and women with saline water, utensils, fuel and match box in hands with the aim of preparing salt publicly. For salt manufacturing was declared by the British Governments as an illegal act.

Mobilisation of women in the resistance movement was also made through different articles, circulated through different bulletins. Most of these articles were based on the theme of—until and unless the vital principle of ‘Shakti', lying imprisoned in women, is not released, the great act of sacrifice will not attain perfection.

1931 – Mrs Hutait handing over theft police arm to freedom fighter Ramesh Bhattacharya.
1931 – Mrs Hutait handing over theft police arm to freedom fighter Ramesh Bhattacharya.

The arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in Midnapore in September, 1921 and July, 1925 and his appeal to the women to come out of their homes and to take part in the movement, shoulder to shoulder with men, had great effect on them.

Moreover, the Congress with its ceaseless activities became something like a parallel government in Midnapore and the Congress leaders and volunteers could establish themselves as the true friends of the people. They could create an alternative concept of morality. As a result, participation in any movement organised by the Congress became like obedience to the properly constituted authority and its defiance was considered to be an illegal act. This idea became deep-rooted especially in the minds of the women and this new concept found its expression during the Civil Disobedience Movement, which marked a major advance in the emancipation of the women of Midnapore.

In this connection it is worth mentioning here that the cooperation and coordination of the women from 1920 to 1930 was an indirect one. In other words, they supported the movement and performed only those works which were found to be feasible:
but all from behind the ‘pardah' or curtain. But from 1930 onwards they began to take part in the movement openly by ignoring all sorts of social and customary prohibitions. The age-old pardah system was torn off and all sorts of social barriers were thrown away. And their participation gave this movement a new spirit and a new vigour and enhanced its speed.

During the Civil Disobedience Movement the women of Midnapore proved beyond doubt that they were always mentally prepared to undergo any kind of sufferings for the cause of our country and they were ready to take part in any movement standing side by side with their sons and brothers. Even, very often their counsel was considered to be of immense value. No wonder that at various levels the women held responsible positions in different committees.

As the resistance movement was gaining momentum day by day and as the numbers of women participants were increasing rapidly, the cruel police personnel also went on inventing new methods of torture for applying upon them. All sorts of filthy words were used to humiliate the ladies; merciless beating became a very common thing; very often women volunteers were carried by police lorries to distant places in the dead of night and were deserted, sometimes completely naked, in dense forests; modesty of women became an object to be trodden under feet by the police and cases of rape became very frequent. But neglecting all sorts of disgrace and humiliation the women of Midnapore joined the movement in large numbers in the Civil Disobedience, Salt-Satyagrah, No-tax, and Quit India Movement.

1930 – Police torturing on the procession.
1930 – Police torturing on the procession.

As resistance and repression reached new heights the women became increasingly important as fully matured politic and active members in all such movements. In the face of barbarous persecution, assault, injury and physical humiliation the women did not loose their spirit, but on the contrary they added new strength and new vigour to the resistance movement active and actual partners of men.

It is worth mentioning here that had that movement been simply a political affair, there is every doubt as to whether it would have been possible for the women to join the movement so spontaneously. But their inherent desire to get rid of their domestic slavery and the shackles of the society prompted them to take part in the movement with the hope that in free India they will he free from their fetters. But at the same time they knew very well that the path they had chosen was thorny one and there was the possibility of meeting with dangers at every step. So, in order to save themselves from danger and distress, they used to keep ‘Banthi' or vegetable cutters always ready at hands. The members of the Bhagini Sena also distributed about ten thousand sharp daggers among the ladies of different villages and towns of Tamluk Subdivision in order to protect their chastity. The ‘Congress Prachar Barta' wrote as a mark of admiration:

“The means adopted by the women to protect their chastity from the hands of the ruffians are perfectly correct. Well done! the women of Midnapore.”

The remark of Pratima Asthana that “One time a class movement, it assumed the shape of mass movement, centering round greater participation of women of all shades in the national movement”°—also holds good in the case of struggle for freedom in Midnapore.

The struggle has ultimately come to an end and we are enjoying the fruits of the struggle, strain, tears and blood of thousands and thousands of unknown men and women freedom- fighters. But it is a pity that most of them have sunk into oblivion and the same fate is awaiting the rest of them.

Dr. Rina Pal

 

 


 
 

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Women's who has
given food and shelter to the freedom fighters of the movement.
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Sutahata Thana

Makhanbala Maity
Jogmaya Pal
Chanchal Bala Mondal
Ramani Rani Bera
Labangalata Samanta
Saraiabala Devi
Haripriya Pradhan
Sarada Devi
Narmada Das
Subhadra Giri
Biraja Maity
Sindhubala Kar
Bindubala Kar Basantibala Maity


Women's who has
taken part in the organizational activities to
strengthen the movement.
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Tamluk Thana

Kadambini Maity
Saraiasundari Mondal
Kusumbala Devi
Charusiia Dutta

Sutahata Thana

Charusila Kuity
Parulbala Samanta
Radharani Patra
Sovarani Makar

Mahisadai Thana

Annapurna Maity
Asalata Jana
Indumati Chatterjee
Charubala Manna

Nandigram Thana

Bangabala Pal
Rajobala Chakraborty
Subasini Samanta

Moyna Thana

Prafullabala Pramanik
Jnanada Maity

Khejuri Thana

Jamuna Pradhan
Jashodamoni Maity
Digambari Majhi
Jnanadamani Maity
Haripriya Das
Shiromani Karan
Ramanibala Bhowmik

Midnapore Sadar Thana

Uma Sen
Surobala Bose
Rajbala
Kaminibala


A list of raped women (Due to their support for Indian Freedom Struggle)
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Binodini Dasi
Sailabala Dasi Labangalata Giri
Kananbala Maity Kishoribala Kuila Hiranbala Kuila Dewani Bera Ambikabala Maity
Charubala Das
Rajobala Bera
Bhagibala Bera
Kusum Kumari Bera
Tukubala Bera
Draupadi Maji
Rashmani Pal
Snehalata Dinda
Kiranbala Kuila
Sailabala Devi
Chikanbala Mondal
Nirodabala Devi
Kiranbala Shit
Sailabala Mondal
Raimoni Paria
Kiranbala Gayen
Puntibala Dhara
Susilabala Pal
Pramadabala Bhowmik
Charubala Hazra
Shovabati Bhoumik
Prabhabati Maity
Karunabala Bhowmik
Pramilabala Bhowmik
Rajbala Bhowmik
Snehalata Mukherjee
Suhasini Das
Kshudibala Pandit
Yasomati Maity
Ahalyabala Devi
Basantabala Maparu
Satyabala Samanta
Bimala Samanta
Jnanada Barman
Gunibala Bar
Kamalabala Maity
Raikishori Bar
Nirodabala Burman
Gungabala Dei (Bera)
Satyabala Dei
Charubala Karan
Kamala Bhowmik
Charubala Hazra
Kusum Kumari Hazra
Sailabala Kamilla
Sindhubaia Maity
Santabala Maji Sailabala Maity
Kamalabala Doloi
Puntibala Nayek
Sindhubala Pradhan
Janakibala Maity
Paribala Maity
Niradabala Bhowmik
Kumari Pattanayak
Kusum Kurnari Mondal Sailabala Pradhan
Janaki Sasmal

 
 
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